Professional translation

Types of translation: what types are there and what are their characteristics?

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Types of translation

In today’s society, communication between people speaking different languages is essential. This is where professional translators play a vital role, enabling information and messages to be conveyed effectively. There are different types of translation, each with its own specific characteristics and functions. In this article, we will explore the main types of translation and how they work.

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Translation specializations

Translation is a broad and diverse field, with different specializations that adapt to the needs of each context. Below are some of the most common types of translation:

Literary translation

Literary translation focuses on the translation of literary texts, such as short stories, novels, plays, and poetry. The main objective of this type of translation is to maintain the style and voice of the original author. Literary translators must be able to convey not only the meaning of the words, but also the intention and emotion behind them.

Sworn translation

A sworn translation is one that has legal validity and is done by a certified sworn translator. This type of translation is used for official documents such as birth certificates, legal contracts, university degrees, and more. The sworn translator certifies the fidelity and accuracy of the translation, giving it legal validity.

Commercial translation

Commercial translation focuses on marketing and advertising. Translators specialized in this field must be able to adapt a company’s or brand’s message to different cultures and markets. This implies having a deep knowledge of the language and persuasion strategies used in each context.

Tourism translation

Tourism translation deals with the translation of content related to the tourism and hospitality industry. This includes promotional materials, tourist guides, information brochures, and travel platforms, among others. Tourism translators must be able to convey the beauty and attractiveness of a destination effectively, adapting to the needs of the target audience.

Audiovisual translation

Audiovisual translation refers to the translation of audiovisual content such as movies, TV series, documentaries, and online videos. In this type of translation, in addition to dialogue translation, other elements such as lip-synchronization and cultural adaptation must be taken into account. Subtitlers and dubbing translators are some of the professionals working in this field.

Technical translation

Technical translation deals with the translation of specialized texts in areas such as engineering, electronics, IT, medicine, and automotive, among others. This type of translation requires a thorough knowledge of technical terms and the ability to convey accurate and clear information. Technical translators usually have training and experience in the field in which they translate.

Scientific and medical translation

Scientific translation covers the translation of medical, life sciences, and pharmaceutical texts, such as research articles, doctoral theses, technical reports, drug package inserts, and instructions for medical devices, among others. Scientific translators must have a solid knowledge of scientific terms and concepts, as well as a strong command of reliable reference sources.

Request information and clear your doubts

If you are interested in any of these translation services or need more information, please do not hesitate to contact us. At iDISC, a translation agency, we will be happy to answer all your questions and offer you the type of translation that best suits your needs.

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